A Sterling engine is a heat engine that operates by cyclic compression and expansion of air or other gas (the working fluid) at different temperatures, such that there is a net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work. More specifically, the Sterling engine is a closed-cycle regenerative heat engine with a permanently gaseous working fluid. Closed-cycle, in this context, means a thermodynamic system in which the working fluid is permanently contained within the system, and regenerative describes the use of a specific type of internal heat exchanger and thermal store, known as the re-generator. The inclusion of a re-generator differentiates the Sterling engine from other closed cycle hot air engine
Since the Sterling engine is a closed cycle, it contains a fixed mass of gas called the “working fluid”, Most commonly air, hydrogen or helium. In normal operation, the engine is sealed and no gas enters or leaves the engine. The Sterling engine, like most heat engines, cycles through four main processes: cooling, compression, heating and expansion. This is accomplished by moving the gas back and forth between hot and cold heat exchangers, often with a re-generator between the heater and cooler. The hot heat exchanger is in thermal contact with an external heat source, such as a fuel burner, and the cold heat exchanger being in thermal contact with an external heat sink, such as air fins. A change in gas temperature will cause a corresponding change in gas pressure, while the motion of the piston causes the gas to be alternately expanded and compressed .The gas follows the behavior described by the gas laws which describe how a gas’ pressure, temperature and volume are related. When the gas is heated, because it is in a sealed chamber, the pressure rises and this then acts on the power piston to produce a power stroke. When the gas is cooled the pressure drops and this means that less work needs to be done by the piston to compress the gas on the return stroke, thus yielding a net power output.
Why solar Stirling Engine?
In this area of modernization and mechanization, every task has to be done using minimum effort and cost. And now a day use of convectional energy source is drastically increase and maximum use of convectional energy source is used by automobile, so we found the engine which can run on non-convectional energy source like solar energy. So we are going to design and make a simulation based model of solar Sterling engine in which we are going to use solar concentrator which concentrates the sun’s rays as a heat source.
Project ” Solar Stirling Engine”
Main aim of this project is “To understand the concept and working of solar Stirling engine” for that we create a 3d model with advanced design software and also create a working animation. Due to lack of time and availability of resources as works need a accuracy; We built a steady demonstrative model where movement is given by hand manually to understand the different cycles of Stirling engine.
Project Design Files
To get design file Including parts and assembly click Following Button:
- Tajagna Vyas
- Meet Makhaniya
- Gaurav Shah
- Digvijay Zala
- Kaushal Chauhan